Digital Library & Research Guide
HEC Digital Library & Research Guide
HEC Digital Library
HEC National Digital Library (DL) is a programme to provide researchers within public and private universities in Pakistan and non-profit research and development organizations with access to international scholarly literature based on electronic (online) delivery, providing access to high quality, peer-reviewed journals, databases, articles and e-Books across a wide range of disciplines. The e-books support programme will allow researchers to access most of the important text and reference books electronically in a variety of subject areas. Around 75,000 number of electronic content has been made available through the Digital Library Programme.
An institutional repository is an archive for collecting, preserving, and disseminating digital copies of the intellectual output of an institution.
HEC Recognized Journal System
HEC Journal Recognition System (HJRS) is a collection of research journals that are categorized into three different categories – W, X and Y — within their respective knowledge areas on the basis of a number of internationally bench marked and recognized parameters that measure the quality of a journal.
Vancouver is a numbered referencing style commonly used in medicine and science, and consists of:
Citations to someone else’s work in the text, indicated by the use of a number
A sequentially numbered reference list at the end of the document providing full details of the corresponding in-text references.
It follows rules established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, now maintained by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. It is also known as Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals.
This guide is modeled on Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (2nd edition). You may wish to consult this source directly for additional information or examples.
Printing this guide: Please note that printing directly from pages in this guide may alter the citation formatting display. A printable document is available below. Note that this document is adapted from this online guide and does not contain all information and examples. Please use it in conjunction with the online guide which is more regularly updated